In one of the most decisive battles of the 13th century King Philip II Augustus establishes France as the premiere power in Medieval Europe.
Philip II “Augustus” can fairly be called the greatest of France’s Medieval monarchs. Not since Charlemagne had a French king wielded such royal authority over the fiercely feudal nobility that ruled the duchies and counties of France.
But his reign began at a very different place.
CAPETS AND PLANTAGENETS
When he ascended the throne in 1180, Philip II of the House of Capet inherited a royal power whose writ barely extended beyond the area immediately surrounding his capital of Paris. The true rulers of France were its great feudal magnates. While owing fealty to the Capetian kings in Paris, the nobility had a free hand in their own lands, acting as near-independent overlords. The king only directly ruled, and drew revenues from, the crown lands
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